Interview for IAS / Civil Services 2020: Important Topics and Issues 

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Apart from intellectual abilities, personal attributes and leadership qualities, a candidate appearing for IAS / Civil Services Interview is expected to have good knowledge about happenings of national and global importance and awareness / concern for socio-economic issues.

Some of the topics of recent national & international importance; and socio-economic issues are:-


Current National issues


*
CAA
~ Analysis : What is CAA?; logic behind
~ constitutional position - whether CAA unconstitutional and against India’s secular ethos discriminatory on religious lines?
~ concerns & opposition arguments; Are protest are political or non-political? 
​~ Issue of powers of States / States Assemblies to oppose the CAA
 ~ CAA & North East / Assam 


*
NRC
~ What is NRC? Issues and challenges!
~ Whether NRC will be unconstitutional and against India’s secular ethos discriminatory on religious lines?
​~ Why was NRC updated for Assam?
​~ nationwide NRC? 
~ Is NRC related to CAA? government position about linking CAA to NRC?

* What is Citizenship Act 1955? subsequent amendments!


*  India's refugee policy than offering citizenship?
​*  issue of illegal immigration to India?
​* India needs to have a policy on stateless people?


*
NPR -
​~ What is NPR?; Objective; historical prospective -How did NPR start?
​~ Need for a count of the residents-named as National Population Register in India-for security purposes and for delivering welfare schemes?
~ Need so many exercises-Census, NPR, Aadhar etc.?
~ Difference between earlier questionnaire and the proposed one 

*
Census -
~ historical prospective, objectives
~ issues and challenges  ​


# CAA, NRC and NPA have emerged as the issues on political front

* Student's Agitations / Role of Police in agitations
> JNU, Jamia Islamia, Aligarh University etc.


* Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 / Article 370 / Article 35 - issues
~ provisions
​~ implications - What changes with scrapping / amending of article of Article of 370
​> Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir; citizenship, fundamental rights, working of legislature, state flag, geographical changes, ownership of property, application of Indian laws etc.
~ What's changed on the ground? 
​~ judicial review - pending in SC; constitutional validity
~ political agitation
~ issues related to foreign relations on this matter
~ Visit of foreign ambassadors   

Topic of Economic Importance

@ India’s $5 trillion economy: target and challenges ahead
@ Economic slowdown? 
​- causes, structural issues etc.
- implications; concerns and challenges
- initiatives taken by government 
- Reforms


@
GST -
- issues, concerns / problems
- A case for reduction of slabs / rates
- Is it a success story foe federalism?

@ Evaluate outcome of Demonetization
@ The Insolvency And Bankruptcy Amendment Bill, 2019
@ Economic Survey 2020 
@ Budget 2020

** NPA / Banking Reforms
** Credit ratings 2019/ 2020 for India​
** Ease of Doing Business 2019
** Global Income inequality Report

Recent Supreme Court Judgments
​* Ayodhya Case
* Sabrimala  
* SC /ST Act
​* RTI Act supersedes the Official Secrets Act
* Constitutionality of IBC upheld
* Maradu flats demolition order
* Strikes Down Rules Framed By Centre Under Section 184 Finance Act 2017 For Tribunals; Aadhar-Money Bill question referred
* SC Upholds Disqualification Of 17 Karnataka MLAs
* SC Dismisses Rafale Review Petitions
* SC Strikes Down Section 87 Of Arbitration & Conciliation Act Inserted By 2019 Amendment

Recent important Ordinances / Bills /Acts
> The Mineral Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020
> The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019
> The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019
> The Code on Social Security, 2019
> The Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019
> The Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes Bill, 2019
> The Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2019
> The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019
>The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019
> The National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019
> The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Act

​Government Schemes / Policies / Organizations

^ Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana 
^ Jal shakti abhiyan
​^ AMRUT Plan
^ Mega Pension Scheme
^ Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission
^ Solar Charkha Mission
^ National Nutrition Mission
^ Dhan Yojana
^ Transformation of Aspirational Districts Programme
^ Samagra Shiksha Scheme
^ Krishonnati Yojana
^ Atal Bhujal Yojana
^ Khelo India School Games
^ One Crore Loan in 59 minutes for MSMEs
^ Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana 
^ Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
^ HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana
^ Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana

* Digital India;
* Stand up India;
* Make in India;
* Beti bachao beti padhao;
* Swatch Bharat;
* Pradhan Mantri Ujjawal Yojna;
* Niti Aayog;
* Smart City
* Start up India
* RERA
* Affordable Housing

Social and Economic Issues

* Transparency in Governance
* An Honest and Responsive Government
* Right to Information - recent amendments / issues
* Corruption & Black Money

* Poverty - Human Development Index;
* Child Malnutrition; Hunger
* Gender Equality
* Political Freedoms

* Issue regarding Cow vigilantism
* Religious / Caste conflicts
* Women safety

* Education – Right to Education,
* Health - National Health Policy 2017
* The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill

Security Issues
* National security;
* Surgical strikes;
* Terrorism
    ^ Naxalite Problem – both security & social issues;
    ^ Law & Order
* Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act 


Miscellaneous Topics


~ Recent Elections to State Assemblies;
~ ISRO latest projects - Chandrayaan, Gaganyaan
~ Recent Satellite Launches
~ Unrest in Campuses

Environment / Pollution Issues

^ Pollution Status in Country
^ Stubble burning
^ Climate Changes
^ El Nino


> Natural Disasters
> Recent floods
> Bio Diversity

Foreign Policy Issues

* Neighbourhood First
* International partnerships to promote India’s domestic development.
* Stable and multipolar balance of power in the Indo-Pacific; “Act East.”
* Advancing Indian representation and leadership on matters of global governance
* International Organizations / Issues

# Issues on India’s foreign relations with

~ Pakistan
^ Kartarpur Passage
^ Infiltration

~ China
^ Docklam
^ Wuhan Summit

~ Other neighbouring countries

~ US
^ Indo Pacific Strategy 

^ BIMSTEC
^ BRICS
^ G 4
^ SAARC
^ G 20

** WTO - Protectionism; Crisis of Legitimacy
* European Union / Brexit

 *UN & UN related organizations

# Above topics / issues are illustrative only.

@ Read 2-3 Newspapers regularly to know the latest knowledge / awareness

about current affairs.Topic of Economic Importance


Interview of I.Fo.S - More focus on Environment, Climate Change, Biodiversity, Forests, Mitigation Strategies, Climate Change Organisations etc.