Essay:  There is no rainbow without rain. (1200-1500 words)
GS 1: How the globalisation has helped in spreading of Indian elements of culture.  (250 words)
GS 2: CAG is one of the strongest walls of the democratic system. Explain (250 words)
​GS 3: Watershed development must be planned to pave way to safeguard the surface and ground water recharge mechanisms. Elaborate. (250 words)
GS 4: Transparency is required to make the system of public service delivery effective. Explain. (150 words)


Essay: The democracy works on the principle of political equality.  (1200-1500 words)
GS 1:  India has an abundance of rich mineral reserves and resources which can cater to “Make in India”! Are we unable to capitalise on it.? (250 words)
GS 2: Education is fundamental for achieving full human potential. Comment with reference to new National Education Policy. (250 words)
​GS 3: What is the cropping pattern and how do economic factors affect the cropping pattern in Indian agriculture? (150 words)
GS 4: Passion is often a heavy influencer of work ethic. Explain with examples. (150 words)​


Essay: “The Good Water Neighbours” and  Inter-state water disputes. (1200-1500 words)
GS 1:  Does the linguistic reorganisation has strengthened the unity of the country? What were the challenges it posed? (250 words)
GS 2: What are the grounds on which an MP or MLA can be disqualified under the representation of people act, 1951? Whether any remedies are available to such person against his disqualification. (250 words)
​GS 3:  Rapid environmental degradation is causing a serious threat to security - Comment. (150 words)
GS 4: What is a code of conduct and why is it important? Is code of ethics and code of conduct same? (150 words)​


Essay: Lost Time Is Never Found Again. (1200-1500 words)
GS 1: ? Dalhousie acted on the principles of annexation and his annexations were both of war and peace.” Comment. (150 words)
GS 2: Many State Governments have been bifurcating areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. By same analogy, can more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss. (250 words)
​GS 3: What are tax expenditures and how are they structured? How tax expenditures differ from tax exemptions? (250 words)
GS 4: How can the principle of “The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” be implemented in public life? (150 words)​


Essay: Poverty has a direct and deep impact on a democracy.(1200-1500 words)
GS 1: Why Lord Dalhousie is considered as the founder of modern India? (150 words)
GS 2: Is executive clemency a privilege? Discuss the principles on which discretion has to be exercised in public considerations.(250 words)
​GS 3: Explain the concept of “GO AND NO GO” zones for coal mining. What are the consequences of illegal mining?(250 words)
GS 4: Explain the term ‘voice of conscience’ and its importance to a civil servant. (150 words)​

Week 28

Essay:  Success does not lie in "results" but in "efforts"  (1000-1200 words)
GS 1: Discuss the most inspiring slogans of Freedom Fighters that Still carry huge significance.(150 words)
GS 2: How did the number of Lok Sabha seats get frozen? Access the need for demand for increasing Lok Sabha seats (250 words)
​GS 3: Discuss the viability of Carbon-Efficient Agriculture in India.  (150 words)
GS 4: What types of ethical responsibilites do a civil servant face? (150 words)

Week 27

Essay:  He that nothing questions, nothing learns. (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1: In what ways can changes in social structure lead to changes in the family structure?  (150 words)
GS 2:  What is a Curative Petition? How it differs from Review Petition?(150 words)
​GS 3:  How far farming systems in India are capable of maintaining their productivity, resource-conserving commercially competitive? (250 words)
GS 4:  The criteria of judging what is right or wrong is neither absolute nor universal. Explain. (150 words)​

Week  26

Essay:  Nobody made a greater mistake than he who did nothing because he could do only a little. (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1:  The art and craft traditions of India showcase the tangible heritage of the country! Explain. (250 words)
GS 2: Inclusion and empowerment of persons with disabilities is imperative for building sustainable and resilient societies in India. Elaborate (250 words)
​GS 3:  Discuss the technological issues and challenges which ISRO is facing. (150 words)
GS 4:  What is the difference between Ethics and Integrity?(150 words)​


Essay: Should people invest in cryptocurrency?  (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1: What are the factors which Influence the distribution of population in India and how? (250 words)
GS 2:  What are statutory regulatory and quasi-judicial bodies? Are all regulatory bodies statutory? (150 words)
​GS 3:  What is Metaverse? And why is it gaining so much popularity these days?  (150 words)
GS 4:  How administrative secrecy can be an ethical dilemma for public official?(150 words)​


Essay: “It is only when the mind is free from the old that it meets everything anew, and in that there is joy.”  (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1:  The Mughal Empire left its impact on the different regions of the subcontinent in a variety of ways. Discuss (250 words)
GS 2: What is “Proclamation of Emergency”? Whether it is subjected to judicial review?  (150 words)
​GS 3:  Is privatization of airports in India a good move? What are the advantages and disadvantages? (150 words)
GS 4: What is the relationship of ethics and law? What is ethical ethics? (150 words)​

Week 23

Essay: Global warming is the bane of our existence! (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1: Describe the nature and mode of origin of the chief types of rock at the earth’s crust. How will you distinguish them? (250 words)
GS 2: Constitution expresses the fundamental identity of the people. Elaborate   (150 words)
​GS 3: Differentiate between balance of trade and current account balance. Should a current account deficit be a cause for alarm? (250 words)
GS 4: How bias an ethical issue? Is ethical bias good? (150 words)​


Essay: The art of being wise is the art of knowing what to overlook. (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1: Diversity in India emphasises differences rather than inequalities. Comment (150 words)
GS 2: What is cooperative federalism? What are the challenges to cooperative federalism in India? (150 words)
​GS 3:   The proper selection of irrigation technique is key to sustainable water management in India. Elaborate (150 words)
GS 4: Define Attitude. How attitudes predict behavior?  (150 words)​

Week 21

Essay: True knowledge is an inner fortification that enemies cannot destroy, and is the ultimate, impregnable defense. (1500 -2000 words)
GS 1:  How enabling technologies are helping to drive the evolution of Smart Cities? (150 words)
GS 2: Do you think that voluntary sector has evolved as a viable ‘third sector’? Voluntary Organizations act as a crucial link between the beneficiaries and government- Evaluate.  
​GS 3: Do you think that India’s success in sustaining high growth and poverty alleviation will contribute to the success of the Sustainable Development Goals? (250 words)
GS 4: How Conscience can act as source of ethical guidance for bureaucrats in a democratic system? Give appropriate incidents to support your answer.  (150 words)​


Essay: Is zero carbon possible? (1000-1500 words)
GS 1: Describe the beliefs and practices of the Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis. (250 words)
GS 2: "Indian federation was not a product of coming together of states to form the federal union of India. It was rather a conversion of a unitary system into a federal system." Comment.  (250 words)
​GS 3: Discuss the key features, benefits and importance of FTWZ (Free Trade and Warehousing Zones) in India?  (250 words)
GS 4: Do social values are more important than economic values?  (150 words)​

Week 19

Essay: The secret of happiness is not in doing what you like but in liking what you have to do.(1000-1500 words)
GS 1: Colonial rule introduced several new art forms, styles, materials and techniques. Explain (250 words)
GS 2: Indian Constitution has not recognized the doctrine of separation of powers in its absolute rigidity but the functions of the different parts or branches of the government have been sufficiently differentiated. Elaborate    (250 words)
​GS 3: What are the key objectives that highlight the importance of Union Budget in India?(150 words)
GS 4: What are the determinants of ethics? What is the difference between ethics and morals?  (250 words)​


Essay: Discipline and united action are the real source of strength for the nation. (1000-1500 words)
GS 1: How Gandhi ji knitted the Non-Cooperation Movement with his philosophy? (150 words)
GS 2: Discuss the constitutional status of separation of power in India. What is the Significance of separation of powers in India?  (250 words)
​GS 3: What is National Mission on Quantum Technologies & Applications (NM-QTA)? How it will open up new frontiers? (250 words)
GS 4: When it comes to conflicts of interest, appearance is as important as reality! Elaborate. (150 words)

​Week 17 

Essay: The Development of each one is the identity of self-reliant India! (1000-1500 words)
GS 1: What ecosystem do mangroves are found? Why mangroves are important to the ecosystem?   (150 words)
GS 2: Parliamentary Committees provide a forum for building consensus across political parties! Critically examine. (200 words)
​GS 3: Do you think that India’s success in sustaining high growth and poverty alleviation will contribute to the success of the Sustainable Development Goals? (250 words)
GS 4: What are the Ethical Virtues? Discuss its importance in governance.(250 words)

Week 16

Essay:  “'The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.' (150 words)
GS 1:  What types of policy initiatives you to like suggest for maximization of demographic dividend in India.  (250 words)
GS 2: Does more vulnerability  of women to COVID-19–related effects has increased the existing gender inequalities? (200 words)
​GS 3: Outline the relationship between child labor and poverty in context of India. How does child Labour affect the society? (250 words)
GS 4:  How does the attitudes impact the governing issues? (150 words)

Week 15

​Essay:  “Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.” (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: Discuss the various forms that the Non-Cooperation Movement took in different parts of India. (150 words)
GS 2:  'Panchayats were functional institutions of grassroots governance in almost every village.' - Elaborate (200 words)
​GS 3: How the trends in the 'Food Processing Industry' has evolved in India? Discuss the recent government initiatives  in 'Food Processing Industry'. (200 words)
GS 4: Does Corporate social responsibility makes companies more sustainable? (150 words)


​Essay:  Geography has a dimension of history in itself! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: Discuss the events that define India’s journey from 1947 to 2021 and their importance.  (200 words)
GS 2: How far will Arbitration and Conciliation Act  improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism? How Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2021 would check the misuse by those who take advantage of the law to get favourable awards by fraud. (200 words)
​GS 3: Discuss important interventions by government to provide income support and social security net for Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF). (200 words)
GS 4: Explain 'Personal and Professional ethics'. Give examples when personal and professional ethics may clash and cause a moral conflict. (200 words)

Week 13

Essay:  The Effect of Rising Oil Prices on the Indian Economy! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: Analyze the effectiveness of employment generation and basic services programmes in India.  (200 words)
GS 2: Discuss the provisions relating to financial emergency in India. Does the declaration of National Emergency effects the rights of individuals and the autonomy of the states?(250 words)
​GS 3: Does the privatisation of airports is India has delivered significant results?  (150 words)
GS 4: Discuss the issues related to 'Conflict of interest' in the public sector. (150 words)

Week 12

Essay:  "COVID-19 pandemic and Global Economy"! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1:  What are the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats ? (150 words)
GS 2: ? Distinguish between the roles of SEBI & IRDA. (150 words)
​GS 3:  "White Revolution was not only to increase milk production, but also to provide millions of people in rural areas with employment, income and development" - Elaborate. (200 words)
GS 4. ? Do values keep changing with time and situation? (150 words)

Week 11

Essay: “It is compassion, the most gracious of virtues, which moves the world.” ! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1:  How did Gandhiji display his concern for the downtrodden and the weak people? (150 words)
GS 2: How Supreme Court has viewed the issues involving conflict between Fundamental Rights(FR) and Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)?  (250 words)
​GS 3:  What Is Fiscal Policy? How it plays a very important role in managing a country's economy.? (200 words)
GS 4. ? Discuss the importance of ethics in Public Policy. (150 words)

Week 10

Essay: New Farm Acts - Policy reforms in agriculture!  (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: Does population growth rate is one of major reasons of poverty in India?   (150 words)
GS 2: 'Neighbourhood-first policy' - Is it a just maintaining a positive relationship with its neighbouring nations or much more?   (250 words)
​GS 3: What has been the impact of effect of COVID-19 on public distribution system in India? (200 words)
GS 4. Acts and choices that one bases on ethical values serve social and human well being. Explain with suitable illustrations. (200 words)

Week 9

Essay: The COVID-19 pandemic is exacerbating hunger worldwide! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: How and when did Ashoka's inclination towards Buddhism developed?    (150 words)
GS 2: Discuss the constitutional provisions which guarantee judicial review of legislation. Does it covers question on any political question?  (250 words)
​GS 3: Pandemic has exposed the weaknesses in India’s Disaster Management Response! Analyze. (200 words)
GS 4. What is the difference between personal and professional ethics? Why they are important? (200 words)

Week 8

Essay: A nation's culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of its people. (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1:Why do earthquake waves develop shadow zone? When can an earthquake cause tsunami?   (200words)
GS 2: What is the difference between the system of reservation of constituencies and the system of separate electorate? Why did the Constitution makers reject the latter?(200 words)
​GS 3: Broad-based growth is the most important source of poverty reduction. Critically analyze. (250 words)
GS 4.What were Aristotle's virtues and its importance in governance?   (150 words)

Week  7

Essay: Effect Of Crude Oil Prices On Indian macroeconomic variables.(1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1:  How did Mahatma Gandhi seek to identify with the common people? Why was the charkha chosen as a symbol of nationalism? (200 words)
GS 2: Does the Indian Constitution’s has unitary tilt? Analyze.(200 words)
​GS 3: How sustainable infrastructure projects can play a critical role in economic recovery post-COVID-19?(250 words)
GS 4.What are the impediments that can impact conscious human action?  (150 words)

Week 6
Essay: No culture can live if it attempts to be exclusive. (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1:  How islands are formed? Explain the island group of India having coral origin.  (200 words)
GS 2: Independent regulatory agencies are designed to ensure and promote their independence and autonomous functioning! Critically review.  (200 words)
​GS 3: Describe the important milestones in India's scientific and technological progress since independence that have improved everyday life. (250 words)
GS 4. What role the society play in in inculcating values? How it differs from the influence of family? (150 words)

Week 5
Essay: Agriculture ecosystem and the Corporate investments!(1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: Discuss army, revenue, civil and administrative setup during Akbar's reign.   (200 words)
GS 2:  Voluntary Organizations act as a crucial link between the beneficiaries and the administrative mechanisms and facilitate easy flow of services to the needy! Comment (200 words)
​GS 3: Discuss the challenges and opportunities in the port sector in India. Explain some of the initiatives taken by government related to port sector.   (250 words)
GS 4. What is an ethical attitude? Give illustrations. (150 words)

Week 4
Essay: Improving the competitiveness of the MSMEs is key to enter the global market! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: Discuss the processes through which the earth-atmosphere system maintains heat balance.   (150 words)
GS 2: What is the difference between the system of reservation of constituencies and the system of separate electorate? Why did the Constitution makers reject the latter? (250 words)
​GS 3:  Explain the terms budget deficit and trade deficit with reference to Indian economy.  (250 words)
GS 4.  What is the relation between law and morality? Is there a place for morality in the rule of law? (150 words)

Week 3
Essay: Consumer sovereignty - key to market economy! (1000 - 1500 words)
​GS 1: 'The administration of the Sultanate under Alauddin Khalji and Muhammad bin Tughlaq was similar in many ways' - Analyse.   (150 words)
GS 2: Do you think that there is a need to restore the credibility of the United Nations  and to resurrect the Security Council’s sense of responsibility? (250 words)
​GS 3: Discuss the salient features of Union Budget 2021 which will promote growth and employment. (250 words)
GS 4. Describe the teachings of eminent personalities which has influenced you in your ethical and moral development. (150 words)

Week 2
Essay: Ability is of little account without opportunity!   (1000 -1500 words)
​GS 1:  What is Laterite soil? Explain its distribution in India and specific uses in agriculture. (200 words)
GS 2: Critically evaluate the status of empowerment of the local bodies. (150 words)
​GS 3: Misusage for internet for subversive activities by anti-social elements is a major security concern -Elaborate. How such misusage can be prevented? (200 words)
GS 4. Values are conscious or unconscious motivators and justifiers of the actions and judgment. - Explain.(150 words) 

Week 1 
Essay: Coronavirus: ‘hunger pandemic’?  (1000 -1500 words)
​GS 1: Discuss the role of revolutionary movements during India's freedom struggle.  (150 words)
GS 2: India is a federal country of “its own kind”- explain with suitable provisions in constitution of India.  (200 words)
​GS 3: Why is economic survey and budget important? Is economic survey a part of Budget?  (250 words)
GS 4. What is ethical governance? What a organization need to do improve the ethical governance. (150 words)

IAS/CSE Mains 2021: Weekly Practice Questions