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IAS PRELIMS 2021: MOCK TEST 2 ANSWERS

1. III (B. Ancient Buddhist scripture are in Pali and Sanskrit. C. The original Buddha's teachings were oral only.)
2. II (A- Pattachitra: Odisha; C- Miniature: Rajasthan)
3. IV (A. He was the founder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan; D. He was activist, politician, writer and educationist from state of Gujarat.)
4. II
5. II (A- The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site of the Paleolithic Age; D. “Zoo Rock”, is one of the popular rock which depicts elephants, Barasingha, bison and deer.)
6. III (A-Westerlies blow from sub-tropical high pressure belt to the sub-polar low pressure belt in temperature latitudes between 30 degree and 60 degree on the either side of equator.)
7. IV (C-The white rhino is the largest rhino species.)
8. II (Savannas are not generally considered high biodiversity ecosystems like rainforests and coral reefs.)
9. I
10. I
11. III (A. NBFC is registered with RBI and it has been specifically authorized by it to accept deposits.; B. The maximum interest rate that an NBFC can pay to a depositor should not exceed 12.5%.; C. The deposits with NBFCs are not secured.)
12. II (A.  “Not Many, But One” is the name of English translation of poems of Sree Narayana Gurudev.)
13. IV
14. III (B. A food web consists of all the food chains in a single ecosystem.)
15. I (A. It is an indigenously developed Stand-off Anti-tank missile recently launched from a ground-based platform off Odisha coast.; C. It is equipped with an advanced nose-mounted seeker the missile can destroy targets 15 km to 20 km away.)
16. III
17. III (A. Optical Sensors use light in order to measure soil properties.)
18. IV
19. IV
20. II (A.  The annual mean global temperature is likely to be at leastCelsius above pre-industrial levels (1850-1900) in each of the coming five years (2020-2024) and there is a 20% chance that it will exceed 1.5°C in at least one year.)
21. I (A-it is usually presented a day before the Union Budget is presented in the Parliament. From 1964 onwards, it has been delinked from the Budget.)
22. III (A. The United Nations Population Fund has published the report ''My Body is My Own'.)
23. I [A. The Anti-Defection Law was passed in 1985 through the 52nd Amendment to the Constitution and It added the Tenth Schedule to the Indian Constitution.]
24. II [C.  The beneficiary can avail a working capital loan of up to Rs. 10,000.]
25. I
26. III (B- The trees shed their leaves during the cold season.)
27. I (A. Obligations rated Aaa are judged to be of the highest quality, subject to the lowest level of credit risk.; C. Obligations rated Baa are judged to be medium-grade and subject to moderate credit risk and as such may possess certain speculative characteristics.)
28. IV
29. II
30. II (D-Basic dyes are used in the coloration of paper.)
31. II (A-Consideration of Demands for Grants; C- Consideration of Annual Reports)
32. IV
33. I (A-The Chairman of Union Public Service Commission is appointed by President and Chairman of State Public Service Commissions are appointed by concerned State Governor; B-A member of a Union shall hold office for a term of six years till the age of 65 years and in case of State Public Service Commission till the age of 62years.)
34. III (A-Durrand Line is international boundary lines between Pakistan and Afghanistan.)
35. I
36. IV
37. III
38. IV
39. I (B. The First Forest Healing centre of the country has come in Kalika, Uttarakhand.)
40. IV
41. II
42. II (C. 560 in RH-560 indicates the diameter of the rocket in mm.)
43. II (A. It was formally launched on 12 March 2021 with 75 weeks of festivities on the occasion of 91st Anniversary of Dandi March.)
44. IV
45. IV
46. III (B-Biosphere reserves are nominated by national governments.)
47. II (A- Bt cotton was created through the addition of genes encoding toxin crystals of endotoxin; C- India has already permitted the production of Bt cotton.)
48. II (A-Populations have declined or will decrease, by greater than 80% over the last 10 years or three generations.)
49. III (D-Bhil is the most populous tribe in India as per 2011 census.)
50. III (B-It was inspired by NASA’s experiments to grow wheat in space.)
51. III
52. II (A. The idea of constituent Assembly to form Constitution of India was mooted by M.N. Roy.)
53. II (A. While Article 75 of the Indian Constitution specifies that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People, there is no mention of a no-confidence motion in the constitution; C- Any member might give a written notice before 10 am to Speaker, Lok Sabha and however it will require the support of 50 members to be taken for consideration.)
54. I (B-Membership of Rajya Sabha is limited by the Constitution to 250 members; C- Every two years, one third of the members of the Rajya Sabha complete their term and elections are held for those one third fourth only.)
55. IV
56. II (C-Once declared ‘disturbed’, the region has to maintain status quo for a minimum of  three months, according to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976.)
57. III (A ‘Monument Mitras’ scheme aims to provide world class tourist amenities by to adopting heritage sites/monuments; C-Ganga Hariteema Yojna is the scheme launched by Uttar Pradesh government to provide green cover to catchment area.)
58. II (B-In AI, Prolog is a programming language based on logic.)
59. III (A-Logistics cost in India is very high compared to developed countries. )
60. III
61. II
62. II (A- Rabi crops are agriculture crops sown in winter and harvested in spring (October-March); B-The Kharif cropping season is during South-West Monsson.)
63. IV
64. I (A. Generic medicines are unbranded medicines.; D. Generic medicines are not required to repeat the clinical trials of new drugs.)
65. II (B. The themes of source augmentation, major & medium irrigation and policy & governance have given maximum weightage.; C. For the CWMI, the reporting states are divided into two special groups - non-Himalayan states and North-Eastern & Himalayan states.)
66. III (C. FAIR is under construction in Germany.)
67. I (A- Jog Falls: Sharvati River; ​D-Hogenakal Falls: Kaveri River)
68. II (A- ‘Office of Profit’ has not been defined in Constitution or Representation of the People Act, 1951; B-Posts under central / state government where perks and other benefits ( no salary) are also considered as  ‘Office of Profit’ posts.)
69. II (B-Low  capital formation)
70. I (A- Members of United National will bound by this treaty only if they ratify the treaty; C-As per the Convention, the both premises of a diplomatic mission and residences are inviolable.)
71. II (C. The Yadavas of Devagiri issued 'Padmatankas' with an eight-petalled lotus on the obverse and a blank reverse.)
72. III (A. Doklam is a narrow plateau lying in the tri-junction of Bhutan, China and India.)
73. II
74. IV
75. II (A. It is a famous pilgrimage and archaeological site located in Assam.)
76. IV
77. I (B-Accelerated Power| Development and Reforms Programme (APDRP) aims at reducing the Aggregate Technical and Commercial (AT&C) losses in the power sector; C-Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) for provides strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution networks in urban areas.)
78. III
79. II (A. The Constitution prohibits the employment of children under 14 years in hazardous conditions under Article 24.)
80. IV
81. III (A-The RBI Act  doesn’t mention any specific qualification for the governor; B-The term of the governor may be fixed by the government at the time of his appointment but not exceeding 5 years; C- RBI Governor is eligible for re-appointment.)
82. III (A- Tropical Cyclones passing over Indian Ocean are named by 8 countries viz. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman and Thailand.)
83. III
84. II (A-It is  an Indian martial art and fighting system that originated in Kerala.)
85. I (B-It is written in the 6th to 5th century BCE by Panini.)
86. II (A- AG is the highest law officer in the country; B-AG is appointed by the President under article 76 of the constitution.)
87. I (C-Fold Mountains are the most common mountain type on Earth.)
88. I (A. Article 72 of the Constitution prescribes that the total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15 per cent of the number of members of the House of the People.; C- Only the Prime Minister and ministers of the rank of "Cabinet Minister" are members of Union Cabinet, Union Council of Ministers consists of senior ministers, called "Cabinet Ministers", junior ministers, called "Ministers of State" and deputy ministers.)
89. II
90. III (B-Agricultural Drought is characterised by low soil moisture; C-Hydrological Drought results when the availability of water in different storages falls below what the precipitation can replenish.)
91. IV
92. III (A. The seal is formed of steatite and measures 3.56 cm by 3.53 cm, with a thickness of 0.76 cm.)
93. I (C. The Lord Chelmsford was the Governor General and Viceroy of India at that time.)
94. III
95. I
96. II
97. II
98. I
99. III (A.  LAMO is a arts and media center located in Ladakh.)
100. III (A. For drinking purposes, water should have Fluoride concentration up to 1 ppm; B. The prescribed upper limit concentration of lead in drinking water is about 50 ppb.)