Mock Test for IAS / CSE (Main)

 ** The answers for Essay and GS Papers may be sent to for review and comments.


Duration: 3 hours                                                                                                 

Write Two Essays, choosing One from each of the Sections A and B, in about 1000-1200 words each.


1. Implications of ‘Right to Privacy’ as a Fundamental Right.
2. Are the Agreements on Climate Change has been mere on paper?
3. Reforms in Labour Laws in India – a need of hour!
4. Artificial Intelligence – would be a boon or bane for the society?


1. Triple Talaq judgment – a step towards Uniform Civil Code!
2. Demonetization – a success or failure?  
3. To what extent India’s foreign policy for South Asia has been successful?
4. One half of the world does not know how the other half lives.

                                              General Studies Paper – 1 Question Paper

Duration: 3 hours                                                                                         Marks: 250 ( 20x121/2 )

Answer all the following questions. Each question is to be answered in not more than 200 words. Each question carries equal marks.

1.What are the aspects of Harappan economy that have been reconstructed from archaeological evidence? What were the possible routes from the Harappan region to Oman, Dilmun and Mesopotamia?

2.Do you agree that other than the religious factors, social and economic factors also contributed to the rise of Jainism and Buddhism in India? Eloborate.

3.The Chola dynasty was one of the longest ruling dynasties in the southern India and it saw remarkable progress in almost all spheres of life such as polity, culture and economy. Justify with examples.

4.Explain the salient features of Administrative set up and Land Revenue System during Sher Shah Suri. To what extent, their imprints are still relevant in India’s contemporary set up?

5.What was Sardar Vallabhai Patel's role in contributing to modern India? How he played an important role in keeping Hyderabad with India?

6.Examine the relevance of Gandhian economics and Nehruvian economics in modern India?

7.What led to the Cuban missile crisis and how this was resolved?

8.‘Science and Technology advances in technology after World War II led to increased global interaction and improved quality of life’ -Comment. How the space exploration does has become a cooperative endeavour?

9.Female labour force participation is a driver of growth. What explains its low participation in India?

10.In your view which are the major development issues which India must concentrate?  Explain them briefly.

11.What is meant by ‘liberalisation’? In your opinion, will the long term benefits of liberalisation exceed its costs?

12.Examine the factors that influence the temperature distribution of the oceans. In what way the study of the temperature of the oceans helps?

13.How has the secondary sector of the economy changed over the years? What is the importance of the tertiary sector in the Indian economy?

14.There is no direct link between the availability of natural resources and the level of economic development. Comment and explain with examples.

15.Do you think that interlinking of rivers will reduce the poverty and floods and distribute water equally? What would be its implications on ecology and environment?

16.What are the possible solutions of India and Bangladesh water disputes? Why is the Teesta Water Treaty opposed by West Bengal?

17.Why Indian states on Bay of Bengal coast are get affected more by cyclones than rest of India? Suggest some measures for mitigation.

18.How does El Nino and La Nina affect climate change? Which Countries are Worst Affected by El Niño?

19.Can urbanisation lead to economic growth in India? To what extent the introduction of Smart Cities will be helpful in this regard?

20.Do you think that flora and fauna of India is under threat? - Comment. Whether the forest tourism is degrading India’s rich natural flora and fauna?

                                                          General Studies (Paper-II)

Duration: 3 hours                                                                                  Marks: 250 ( 20x121/2 )                        
Answer all the following questions. Each question is to be answered in not more than 200 words. 

1. Do you agree that Hon’ble Supreme Court judgement declaring ‘Right to Privacy’ as Fundamental Right is a landmark judgement? Examine its implications on the issue of section 377 of Indian Penal Code.

2. The Constitution of India is neither flexible nor rigid enough but it is a synthesis of both. Explain the power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor. Do the state legislatures have any role in constitutional amendments?

3. The role of governor often becomes matter of debate whenever there has been political instability. Examine the powers and functions of the governor. Do you feel that there is a need to codify the discretionary powers of the governor?

4. Critically examine the various issues associated with the Article 35A of the Constitution of India. Do you agree Article 35A discriminates on the basis of gender? Discuss the implications in case it gets abolished.

5. There is a view that parliamentary and state elections should be held simultaneously - Examine its feasibility. Whether it will lead to constitutional and administrative issues?

6. India follows the parliamentary system of government, where the executive and legislature are quite integrated. However, a thin line of separation of power exists between these two bodies. Elaborate.

7. How effective has been the Right to Information Act in curbing the corruption? What changes you would like to suggest in creating the culture of transparency in the private sector.

8. Explain the important features of new health policy of government of India. Whether it will bring about the affordable universal coverage of quality health care?

9. What are the important ingredients of ‘Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016’? Do you think that it would be able to protect the interests of home buyers and also boost investments in the real estate sector?

10. To what extent the Non-State Actors play a role in policy making and administrative governance in India? Explain with examples.

11. Do you agree with the preposition that there is a need for bringing more specialists in the administration? Is it true that the problems of defining the respective roles of the specialist and the generalist in an administrative system becomes acute at or near the top of the hierarchy?

12. The Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill, 2017 seeks to give constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes. How will the new commission be different from its earlier one?

13. Goal 1 and 2 of the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) envision eradicating poverty and ending hunger by 2030. Critically review the India’s progress in this regard. Discuss some of the government programmes which are targeted at absolute poverty.

14. Critically examine the relevance of Panchsheel in India’s relations with China in view of Doklam stand off and The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) taken by China?

15. Discuss the role of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in providing assistance in various projects in India. Give examples of some of the infrastructure projects taken up in India with JICA.

16. Enumerate the some of the major concerns related to Digitization programme in India. Is demonetization has positive impact on digitisation?

17.Whether recent US pronouncement of its Afghanistan policy presents India a chance to increase sphere of influence in South Asia? Comment.

18.What are the terms of reference for the committee formed by Government of India to frame National Sports Development Code? Give some suggestions to improve sports governance in the country.

19. Some of the recent cases of the board room tiff in big corporate houses have generated a debate on role of independent directors, higher levels of transparency and in Corporate Governance.  Elaborate with some examples and critically review the role of the Independent Directors in Cooperate Governance in light of recent changes made by Government of India in functions and responsibilities of independent directors.

20. Do you agree that NGOs are more suited to promote the Self Help Groups? To what extent SHGs have been helpful in bringing financial inclusion in communities?

                                                            General Studies (Paper-III)

  Duration: 3 hours                                                                       Marks: 250 ( 20x121/2 )                                    

Answer all the following questions. Each question is to be answered in not more than 200 words. 

1. Describe the impact of Demonetization in India on Business. Can India re catch their GDP growing rate after demonetization?

2. What are the positive and negative impact of GST on household and society? Will the GST benefit Startup Business in India?

3. Do you think that ‘Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016’ is considered as tone of the biggest economic reform made in India? Explain its salient features and their implications.

4. Whether agriculture in India can be organised through e-commerce  to minimize middleman activities? Enumerate the initiative taken by the government in this regard.

5. Do you agree that crop patterns in India are changing without consideration for local agro-climatic conditions? What is the impact of globalisation on cropping patterns of India?

6. Is India going to be the next super power in terms of space programs? What is the importance of SAARC’s satellite mission? 

8. Why does India mostly depend on non-renewable energy sources? What is the most viable alternate energy solution you will like to suggest?

9. What have been social, environmental, and economic impacts from the construction of the Sardar Sarovar Dam over Narmada?

10. Illegal mining robs the country of precious minerals and in return causes severe pollution and health hazards - Elaborate.

11. Do you think that Public Private Partnership should be extended to all sectors of economy? Explain government recent model public private partnership policy for affordable housing. 

12. What is artificial intelligence and what are the pros and cons? Is developing artificial intelligence ethical?

13. Do you think the the goal of all projects should be sustainable social development? Explain the importance of Environmental Impact Assessment and Social Impact Assessment in development projects.

​14. Comment on - 'Innovation is strongly co-related with the entrepreneurship that the Startup India programme is aiming to usher'.  Critically review the progress made by Start up programme so far.

​15. To what extent the Mass Media plays a role in influencing people’s mind? Do you expect any change in the role of social media in light of recent 'Right to Privacy' judgement in India?

16. Do you think that Disaster Preparedness is more important disaster response? What are some basic strategies for Disaster Preparedness?

17. One of the impediment in Digitization program in India has been concerns on cyber security. What steps are needed to be taken to allay such concerns?

18. Do you think that social and economic integration approach is necessary to solve Naxalite problem. Enumerate various schemes initiated by government in this regard?   

19.  What are the internal security challenges for India? Is it true that India’s internal security challenges are inextricably linked to border management?

20. The Blue Revolution aims to achieve economic prosperity of fish farmers and to contribute towards food and nutritional security through fisheries development in a sustainable manner. Critically elucidate the statement.

 ** The answers for Essay and GS Papers may be sent to for review and comments.